The Accu-CT® ACTL-0750 family of current transformers (CTs) have maximum amperage numbers as well as a rated amps associated with each model. This article explains these current transformer numbers.
Also called “rated primary current”, this is the nominal full-scale current rating for the CT. At rated amps, the CT will output its nominal output voltage of 0.333 Vac or 1.00 Vac (with Option 1V). The accuracy of CTs is generally specified at percentages of the full scale rated current. For industry standard CTs, the range is typically from 10% to 120% of rated amps, but for Accu-CT current transformers the range is from 1% to 120% of rated amps. The Accu-CT current transformer is not a current ratio CT, so there is no rated secondary current.
Maximum Continuous Amps
The maximum continuous amps (called “Max Amps” on the CT label and the model tables) is the maximum continuous current a particular CT model can handle without suffering any degradation of accuracy or damage. Running the CT for an extended period of time (more than 10 seconds) at currents higher than the max amps may overheat internal components (not the winding), causing degraded accuracy or failure.
- The Max Amps are different for different models and different options, so be sure to check the Max Amps value for the CT you are using.
- There are no standard accuracy specifications for operation above 120% of rated amps. Generally, the CT magnetic core material will start to saturate before reaching Max Amps, so the accuracy may be poor at Max Amps.
Maximum Amps for All Models with 0.333 Vac Output
|Model||Rated Amps||Max Amps|
Maximum Amps for All Models with 1.0 Vac Output
|Model||Rated Amps||Max Amps|
|ACTL-0750-005 Opt 1V||5||50|
|ACTL-0750-015 Opt 1V||15||75|
|ACTL-0750-020 Opt 1V||20||100|
|ACTL-0750-030 Opt 1V||30||100|
|ACTL-0750-050 Opt 1V||50||100|
|ACTL-0750-070 Opt 1V||70||150|
|ACTL-0750-100 Opt 1V||100||200|
|ACTL-0750-150 Opt 1V||150||300|
|ACTL-0750-200 Opt 1V||200||350|
|ACTL-0750-250 Opt 1V||250||400|
Maximum Continuous Amps – Safety Limit
All the ACTL-0750 family current transformers have been approved for use by UL at maximum continuous currents of 400 amps. The UL test ensures that the windings will not overheat at this current and that the dielectric withstand capability is preserved. In other words, operating an ACTL-0750 CT up to 400 amps continuously will not pose a safety hazard. However, as noted above, many models may suffer degraded accuracy if they are operated at 400 amps continuously. Exceeding 400 amps (the “Maximum Continuous Amps – Safety Limit”) for more than 10 seconds can cause overheating of internal components and the secondary winding, potentially leading to an unsafe condition!
Maximum Fault Amps
In the IEEE C57.13 standard, this is referred to as “Short-time mechanical current rating and short-time thermal current rating”. The ACTL-0750 family has not yet been tested for these limits.
Described by IEEE C57.13 as “continuous thermal current rating factor (RF)”. The rating factor indicates a multiple of rated amps. For example, an RF of 1.2 means the CT meets the continuous thermal current rating factor requirements at 1.2 times (120%) the rated primary current. IEEE C57.13 has the following requirements for the rating factor:
- The CT must meet the Transformer Correction Factor (TCF ) accuracy requirements for 100% of rated current at the RF current. For example, if the RF is 1.2, then the CT must meet the 100% accuracy requirements at 100% and 120% of rated current.
- At the RF current, the winding temperature rise must not exceed limits established in the standard.
The ACTL-0750 series of CTs have an RF of 1.2. Many of the models can achieve higher rating factors if needed, but our standard production test only includes 120% of rated current. Also, the WattNode meter’s input circuitry may saturate with CT signals larger than 120% of nominal. However, if your application needs a higher rating factor, contact CCS for more information.